There are many different Counselling and Psychotherapy
schools of thought and methods. You will find a helpful
resumé on the home page of Counselling In France
The psychotherapist/counsellor is trained in
three complementary areas: theory, practice, and
self-work, in order help people with personal /
relational / psychological difficulties.
psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in
mental illness, and is authorised to prescribe
Consultations are reimbursed by Social Security.
The psychologist is university-trained in
psychological and behavioural theories and is qualified
to do personality tests.
The psychoanalyst listens to the unconscious of
the person, focussing on the transference in the patient
- practitioner relationship.
The four professions do not exclude one another, as a
psychologist may also be trained in
psychotherapy (but it is not included in the university
curriculum) and a psychiatrist may also be a