WHICH THERAPY?
 
There are many different Counselling and Psychotherapy schools of thought and methods. You will find a helpful resumé on the home page of Counselling In France here.

The psychotherapist/counsellor is trained in three complementary areas: theory, practice, and self-work, in order help people with personal / relational / psychological difficulties.

The psychiatrist is a medical doctor specializing in mental illness, and is authorised to prescribe medication. Consultations are reimbursed by Social Security.

The psychologist is university-trained in psychological and behavioural theories and is qualified to do personality tests.

The psychoanalyst listens to the unconscious of the person, focussing on the transference in the patient - practitioner relationship.

The four professions do not exclude one another, as a psychologist may also be trained in
psychotherapy (but it is not included in the university curriculum) and a psychiatrist may also be a psychoanalyst.